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What's the difference between front end and back end in web development?

Front-end and back-end are two distinct parts of web development that work together to create a functional website or web application. Here's a breakdown of their differences:

1. Front-end Development:

- Also known as client-side development.

- Focuses on the user interface and user experience.

- Involves creating the visual elements of a website that users interact with directly.

- Utilizes technologies like HTML, CSS, and JavaScript.

- Deals with the design, layout, responsiveness, and interactivity of a website.

- Responsible for ensuring the website is visually appealing, intuitive, and user-friendly.

2. Back-end Development:

- Also known as server-side development.

- Focuses on the behind-the-scenes functionality of a website.

- Involves working with databases, servers, and applications that power the website.

- Utilizes programming languages like Python, Ruby, PHP, Java, etc.

- Handles data storage, retrieval, and manipulation.

- Responsible for server configuration, security, and performance optimisation.

- Deals with the logic and algorithms that make a website function properly.

Front-end development deals with the visual and interactive aspects of a website, while back-end development focuses on the server-side functionality and data management. Both front-end and back-end development are essential for creating a complete and functional web application.