Front-end and back-end are two distinct parts of web development that work together to create a functional website or web application. Here's a breakdown of their differences:
1. Front-end Development:
- Also known as client-side development.
- Focuses on the user interface and user experience.
- Involves creating the visual elements of a website that users interact with directly.
- Deals with the design, layout, responsiveness, and interactivity of a website.
- Responsible for ensuring the website is visually appealing, intuitive, and user-friendly.
2. Back-end Development:
- Also known as server-side development.
- Focuses on the behind-the-scenes functionality of a website.
- Involves working with databases, servers, and applications that power the website.
- Utilizes programming languages like Python, Ruby, PHP, Java, etc.
- Handles data storage, retrieval, and manipulation.
- Responsible for server configuration, security, and performance optimisation.
- Deals with the logic and algorithms that make a website function properly.
Front-end development deals with the visual and interactive aspects of a website, while back-end development focuses on the server-side functionality and data management. Both front-end and back-end development are essential for creating a complete and functional web application.